A Chocolate Labrador holds a Green Ball

Testing Urine Glucose & Ketones

How to Measure Urine Glucose and Ketones

Depending on your veterinarian’s advice, you may be testing samples of your dog’s urine 1–3 times per day:

  • Early in the morning, just before the (first) insulin injection and meal
  • Late in the afternoon, just before the (second) insulin injection and meal
  • Late at night (just before bedtime)

If monitoring once daily, ideally the measurements should be made at the same time every day.

Tools an empty glass cup or container

A clean container urine dipsticks

Urine dipsticks

These may be supplied by your veterinary team pet diabetes tracker app

A place to record results

Pet Diabetes Tracker mobile app or Diabetes Diary

How to Collect a Urine Sample

  • Take your dog out for a walk on a leash so that your dog is close to you when it urinates
  • As your dog urinates, catch a small sample of your dog’s urine by slowly sliding a clean, dry container (dish, bowl, or small pan) under your dog’s urine stream. If needed, there are long-handled devices available commercially to help urine sample collection from dogs
Using Urine Dipsticks testing icon

Step 1

Read the instructions to ensure that you conduct the test correctly testing icon

Step 2

Immerse one test strip in urine to ensure the test pads are wet thoroughly testing icon

Step 3

Remove the test strip and tap gently to remove any excess urine testing icon

Step 4

Read the result at the time specified in the instructions testing icon

Step 5

Hold the dipstick against the color chart and compare the colors record icon

Step 6

Record the test results, when the sample was taken and when the most recent insulin dose was given